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Embracing Tikara Eni: An Understanding of the Total Self

The concept of tikara eni embodies the holistic understanding of the self, encompassing the physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual dimensions of human existence. Rooted in the belief that each individual is a microcosm of the universe, tikara eni emphasizes the interconnectedness of all aspects of the self and underscores the importance of balance and harmony in achieving personal and spiritual fulfillment. This article explores the profound meaning of tikara eni in Yoruba culture, shedding light on its significance and implications for individual growth and development.

The Multifaceted Nature of Tikara Eni:

Tikara eni, often translated as "the total self" or "the complete person," reflects the Yoruba understanding of human beings as complex and multidimensional entities. It encompasses the physical body, which serves as the vessel for the soul (ori inu), as well as the mind, emotions, and spirit, which together constitute the totality of the individual. According to Yoruba cosmology, tikara eni represents the interconnectedness of the self with the divine, nature, and the community, emphasizing the interdependence and mutual influence of each aspect on the others.

Achieving Balance and Harmony:

Central to the concept of tikara eni is the idea of achieving balance and harmony among the various dimensions of the self. Yoruba tradition teaches that imbalance or disharmony in any aspect of the self can lead to physical illness, emotional turmoil, and spiritual stagnation. Devotees strive to cultivate tikara eni through spiritual practices, rituals, and ethical conduct, seeking to align their thoughts, emotions, and actions with the divine will and natural order of the universe.

The Role of Self-Exploration and Self-Discovery:

Embracing tikara eni requires a journey of self-exploration and self-discovery, as individuals seek to understand and integrate all aspects of their being. This process involves introspection, meditation, and self-inquiry, as well as engagement with spiritual teachings, traditions, and practices that facilitate personal growth and transformation. By delving into the depths of their inner selves, individuals can uncover their unique gifts, talents, and purpose, leading to a greater sense of fulfillment and alignment with their highest potential.

Cultivating Tikara Eni in Daily Life:

Living in accordance with the principles of tikara eni involves conscious awareness and intentional action in all aspects of daily life. Devotees strive to maintain balance and harmony in their relationships, work, health, and spiritual practice, recognizing the interconnectedness of these domains and their impact on the total self. Through mindfulness, compassion, and a commitment to personal growth, individuals can cultivate tikara eni and experience greater joy, peace, and fulfillment in their lives.


Tikara eni represents the holistic understanding of the self in Yoruba tradition, emphasizing the interconnectedness and interdependence of the physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual dimensions of human existence. By embracing tikara eni and striving for balance and harmony in all aspects of life, individuals can unlock their full potential and experience a profound sense of wholeness and well-being. Through self-exploration, self-discovery, and conscious living, devotees can cultivate tikara eni and embark on a transformative journey of personal and spiritual growth.


Alaje Fadesiye

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